Can a tiger kill a lion?
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虎 Tiger

 

虎(學名:Panthera tigris),俗稱老虎、大蟲,被人稱為百獸之王,是現存體型最大的兩種貓科動物之一(另一種是獅)。野外個體可長達3.38公尺(11.1英尺)、重388.7公斤(857英磅)(此為狩獵數據,實測數據的最大值為261kg)。虎是掠食性肉食動物,有敏銳的聽力、夜視力,可自由伸縮的尖爪和粗壯的犬齒。同時,它們也是自然界生態中不可或缺的一環。除了龐大的體型與有力的肌肉之外 牠們最顯著的特徵,就是在白色到橘黃色的毛皮上有黑色垂直的條紋,這有助於其在捕獵時隱蔽自身。

 

虎為亞洲特有種類。其分布的範圍極廣,從外東北的錫霍特山脈針闊混交林到開闊的草地到熱帶沼澤都有。它們的領地觀念十分強烈,會劃分屬於自己的地域範圍,而且是獨居的。它們通常需要大面積的棲息地,以滿足相當的獵物數量。伴隨這一事實而來的是,其對棲息地的偏好與地球上部份人口比較稠密的地區相重疊,從而導致了與人類利益的嚴重衝突。現代虎的九個亞種中,三個已經絕種,其餘的六種都被列為瀕危,部份處於極危。20世紀初虎的數量約有10萬隻,而現在世界自然基金會估計全球僅存2450隻虎。殘存的虎雖多受到政府保護,但非法捕獵仍屢禁不止。棲息地喪失和遺傳多樣性下降亦是其巨大威脅。

 

虎是世界上最廣為人知的動物之一,它們出現在許多古代的神話和民俗傳說,現代的電影和各類媒體中。在許多的旗幟、紋章、甚至運動會的吉祥物中都可以見到牠們的圖案。孟加拉虎是孟加拉國和印度的國家動物。印度支那虎是泰國的國家動物,而馬來亞虎則是馬來西亞的國家動物。

 

The tiger (Panthera tigris) is the largest extant cat species and a member of the genus Panthera. It is most recognisable for its dark vertical stripes on orange-brown fur with a lighter underside. It is an apex predator, primarily preying on ungulates such as deer and wild boar. It is territorial and generally a solitary but social predator, requiring large contiguous areas of habitat, which support its requirements for prey and rearing of its offspring. Tiger cubs stay with their mother for about two years, before they become independent and leave their mother's home range to establish their own.

 

The tiger once ranged widely from the Eastern Anatolia Region in the west to the Amur River basin, and in the south from the foothills of the Himalayas to Bali in the Sunda islands. Since the early 20th century, tiger populations have lost at least 93% of their historic range and have been extirpated in Western and Central Asia, from the islands of Java and Bali, and in large areas of Southeast and South Asia and China. Today's tiger range is fragmented, stretching from Siberian temperate forests to subtropical and tropical forests on the Indian subcontinent and Sumatra.

 

The tiger is listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List. As of 2015, the global wild tiger population was estimated to number between 3,062 and 3,948 mature individuals, with most of the populations living in small pockets isolated from each other. India currently hosts the largest tiger population. Major reasons for population decline are habitat destruction, habitat fragmentation and poaching. Tigers are also victims of human–wildlife conflict, in particular in range countries with a high human population density.

 

The tiger is among the most recognisable and popular of the world's charismatic megafauna. It featured prominently in ancient mythology and folklore and continues to be depicted in modern films and literature, appearing on many flags, coats of arms and as mascots for sporting teams. The tiger is the national animal of India, Bangladesh, Malaysia and South Korea.

 

獅子VS老虎 - 誰才是萬獸之王?

 

在獅子和老虎互毆的歷史記錄中,老虎大多是勝利的一方。

 

最近的一次發生在2011年3月,安卡拉動物園的一隻老虎穿過圍牆襲擊了一隻獅子,並用其強有力的爪子殺死了獅子。

 

1857年,布羅姆維奇(Bromwich)動物園的一隻老虎破壞了籠子進入到獅子籠中,隨即恐怖的一幕出現了:雖然獅子的鬃毛讓它的頸部免受傷害,但老虎卻成功地撕開它了肚子,幾分鐘後獅子就死了。

 

在1909年的科尼島(Coney Island)動物園,一隻雄性老虎殺死了一頭雄獅。

 

雖然這取決於交戰雙方的規模、年齡和攻擊性,但一般來說老虎具有顯著的優勢。相對而言,老虎體形更大,更重要的是老虎可以通過後腿站立起來,兩隻前爪也可以派上用場。一些報導稱,獅子和老虎在古羅馬競技場中彼此互懟時,結局都是老虎贏了。

 

Can a tiger kill a lion?

 

If there's a fight, the tiger will win, every time." ... Lions hunt in prides, so it would be in a group and the tiger as a solitary creature so it would be on its own. A tiger is generally physically larger than a lion. Most experts would favor a Siberian and Bengal tiger over an African lion."


 

 

2020-09-16
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