Why do pandas have black around their eyes?
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貓 PANDA

 

一般稱為「貓熊」或「熊貓」,屬於食肉目熊科的一種哺乳動物,體色為黑白兩色。貓熊是中國特有物種,現存的主要棲息地是中國中西部四川盆地周邊的山區和陝西南部的秦嶺地區。全世界野生大貓熊現存大約有2060頭(2016年數據)。2016年末,世界自然保護聯盟(IUCN)將大貓熊的受威脅等級從「瀕危級」降為「易危級」。由於生育率低,大貓熊在中國瀕危動物紅皮書等級中評為瀕危物種,為中國國寶。

 

大貓熊黑白相間的毛色和憨態可掬的外表使其深受人們喜愛,在全世界亦有大量粉絲。在1961年世界自然基金會成立時就以大貓熊為標誌,大貓熊儼然已成為了瀕危物種保護最重要的象徵;大貓熊也是中國在外交活動中向對方表示友好的重要代表,美國國際政治學者約瑟夫·奈爾更直言大貓熊被視為中國拓展軟實力的重要支柱,與英國的皇室家族有著異曲同工之妙。

 

The giant panda also known as the panda bear or simply the panda, is a bear native to south central China. It is characterised by large, black patches around its eyes, over the ears, and across its round body. The name "giant panda" is sometimes used to distinguish it from the red panda, a neighboring musteloid. Though it belongs to the order Carnivora, the giant panda is a folivore, with bamboo shoots and leaves making up more than 99% of its diet. Giant pandas in the wild will occasionally eat other grasses, wild tubers, or even meat in the form of birds, rodents, or carrion. In captivity, they may receive honey, eggs, fish, yams, shrub leaves, oranges, or bananas along with specially prepared food.

 

The giant panda lives in a few mountain ranges in central China, mainly in Sichuan, but also in neighbouring Shaanxi and Gansu. As a result of farming, deforestation, and other development, the giant panda has been driven out of the lowland areas where it once lived, and it is a conservation-reliant vulnerable species. A 2007 report showed 239 pandas living in captivity inside China and another 27 outside the country. As of December 2014, 49 giant pandas lived in captivity outside China, living in 18 zoos in 13 different countries. Wild population estimates vary; one estimate shows that there are about 1,590 individuals living in the wild, while a 2006 study via DNA analysis estimated that this figure could be as high as 2,000 to 3,000. Some reports also show that the number of giant pandas in the wild is on the rise. In March 2015, conservation news site Mongabay stated that the wild giant panda population had increased by 268, or 16.8%, to 1,864.[17] In 2016, the IUCN reclassified the species from "endangered" to "vulnerable", affirming decade-long efforts to save the panda.

 

While the dragon has often served as China's national symbol, internationally the giant panda has often filled this role. As such, it is becoming widely used within China in international contexts, for example, appearing since 1982 on gold panda bullion coins and as one of the five Fuwa mascots of the Beijing Olympics.

 

熊貓的黑眼圈是為了保護眼睛

大熊貓的黑眼圈其實是它們的保護色,因為它們的眼睛很小,視力很差,而其中還沒有眼白,所以它們會非常害怕強光。如果沒有黑眼圈的保護,它們會因為遭遇強光刺激而十分難受。而黑眼圈就擁有可以為它們遮擋去大部分的強光的功能,就如同我們人類帶上墨鏡的效果一樣。

 

Why do pandas have black around their eyes?

Pandas have black shoulders and legs to camouflage in shady environments, but they have black ears to signal aggression to predators and dark patches around their eyes to help them recognize other pandas, the study suggests.

 

大熊貓的爪子有幾個指頭,是什麼形狀的?

大熊貓有五個手指和五個腳趾,又長又尖的爪子使它能夠輕而易舉地爬上樹,而熊貓前爪還有一個特殊的地方 - 有一個很特殊的拇指,是它的"第六個指頭",是從它腕骨長出來的,可使它們牢牢地抓住竹子而別無他用。

 

五根是真正的手指,另一根是來源於腕骨的假大指,可以與真正手指對握,用於抓取竹子來吃原本的大拇指不發達,作為痕跡器官存在


 


Pandas have a 6th "digit" on the heels of their fore-paws.

With their extra "thumbs" they can manoeuvre the bamboo into fat cigar shapes for efficient eating.




2020-09-16
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